Tuesday, April 13, 2021

RESEARCH NEWS

Summaries of research findings that tell of a scientific need to “rethink psychiatry.”

Doctors Push to Rethink Sex Designations on Birth Certificates

Doctors suggest moving sex designations below the line of demarcation on birth certification to reduce harms to gender-diverse individuals.

Coming to Terms with the Failures of Youth Psychology Research

The complexity of youth mental health requires a scientific humility conspicuously lacking from the past 50 years of psychology research.

Creating a Pipeline for Lived Experience in Mental Health Research

Leaders should invest in creating opportunities for mental health researchers with significant psychiatric disabilities.

Major Publication on Tapering Antipsychotics Released

Top experts produce guidelines for tapering antipsychotics that may reduce the risk of withdrawal and relapse.

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) Ineffective for People with Bipolar Disorder

A new study finds that transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was no better than placebo for people diagnosed with bipolar disorder.

How Politics Pervade the Practice of Therapy

A new qualitative study explores how therapists engage with politics in therapy.

Community Inclusion and the Social Determinants of Mental Health

Community inclusion can enhance health, wellness, and recovery for individuals diagnosed with serious mental disorders.

Service-User Experiences of Therapy for Depression Reveal Strengths and Weaknesses

Interviews with service users on their experience of therapy for depression finds reported usefulness as well as several challenges.

Psychological Healing Approaches for AfroLatinx Post-Colonial Trauma

Psychologist expands on the psychological trauma experienced by the AfroLatinx community and liberation approaches to healing.

Internet Forum for Tapering Psychiatric Drugs Provides Novel Insights

After 15 years, the founder of SurvivingAntidepressants.org, Adele Framer, shares what she has learned about the science of withdrawing from psychiatric drugs.

Antidepressant Withdrawal Misdiagnosed as Functional Disorder

Adverse physiological symptoms of antidepressant withdrawal are regularly mistaken to be other problems to the detriment of the patient.

Scientists Investigate the Role of Gut Microbiota in Risk for ‘Severe Mental Disorders’

International researchers consider the evidence for the connection between gut microbiota and severe mental disorders.

How the Lockdown Changes Teen Substance Use Treatment

Experts explore unique considerations associated with adolescent substance use identification and treatment during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Involuntary Hospitalization Deters Youth from Seeking Mental Healthcare

Youth who experience involuntary hospitalization are less likely to trust mental health care providers.

Service User Participation Brings Meaningful Change to Mental Healthcare

A new article calls for mental health professionals and researchers to more deeply engage with service users and activists.

Antidepressants Still Linked to Increased Suicide Risk

Bias and financial conflicts in antidepressant trials “contribute to systematic underestimation of risk in the published literature.”

Audit of Electroconvulsive Therapy Reveals Poor Administration and Monitoring

The report concludes that institutional practices are insufficient to guarantee the safety of patients who undergo electroconvulsive therapy.

Do Antidepressant Medications Prolong Depressive Episodes?

An evolutionary psychologist suggests that antidepressants thwart depression’s function to help us resolve complex social problems.

Study Highlights Challenges for Mental Health Peer Specialists

Role clarity, supervisor flexibility, peer input, and professional development top list of needed supports for mental health peer specialists.

Endorsing Neoliberal Capitalist Ideas Connected to Loneliness and Reduced Well-being

Study finds that neoliberal ideology negatively impacts well-being by promoting a sense of social disconnection, competition, and loneliness.

Mental Health Legislation Encroaches Upon Service User Rights

Author and service user Tom Todd describes how Scotland’s mental health act dismissed his position as a knower of his own experience.

Researchers Attempt to Reduce the Placebo Effect in Drug Trials

Pharmaceutical company researchers develop a tool to suppress the placebo effect and improve their drug results.

Restricting Rights Based on Mental Illness Will Not Prevent Mass Shootings

Leading psychiatric researchers confirm that policies that target people with 'severe mental illness' are unlikely to prevent mass shootings.

Lack of Attention to Identity and Social Structures Hinders Critical Consciousness in Psychology Courses

Study compares the impact of a personality psychology course with a women's studies class on students' understandings of bias and identity.

Bringing Lived Experience to Healthcare Training Can Improve Shared Decision-Making Practices

A philosophical exploration of shared decision-making practices in healthcare and epistemic justice in medical training.

Empathy Connects Parental Support and Decreased Youth Delinquency

A new study suggests that parental support can reduce youth delinquency by developing empathy.

Social Inequalities Intensify Negative Effects of COVID-19

A new article explores how preexisting social inequalities contribute to negative health outcomes and are worsened by the COVID-19 pandemic.

Another Failed Study of “Personalized” Depression Treatment

Due to lackluster antidepressant study results, researchers test if subgroups of depressed patients show greater improvement.

Keys to Successful Discontinuation of Antipsychotic Medication

Qualitative study finds that both internal resources and systemic factors play a role in antipsychotic discontinuation outcomes.

Despite Whistleblower Complaints, Pharma Continues Nurse Ambassador Programs

AbbVie continues the use of “nurse ambassador” programs to promote their pharmaceutical products despite numerous ethical and safety issues.

Researchers Challenge the Fundamental Assumptions of Precision Psychiatry

Prominent researchers undermine the belief that psychiatry can find “the right treatment at the right dose at the right time” with its current methods.

Child Maltreatment Linked to Increased Risk of Death in Early Adulthood

Child maltreatment impacts mortality in early adulthood from suicidality and substance use, according to a new study.

Recovery Rate Six Times Higher For Those Who Stop Antipsychotics Within Two Years

People with "serious mental illness" who stop taking antipsychotics are more likely to recover, even when accounting for baseline severity.

New Research Highlights Adverse Impacts of Nocebo Effect in Medicine

The study estimated that nocebo effects can account for 90% of adverse side effects in patients undergoing statin therapy

Billing Psychiatric Patients for Involuntary Treatment is Unethical

Psychiatrists critique surprise medical billing practices for involuntary psychiatric treatment that can cause financial ruin.

Empathy-Oriented Teaching Fosters Creativity, Study Finds

New research suggests that social and emotional teaching in schools may encourage creativity among young people.

Family Member Incarceration in Childhood Linked to Diabetes

Highlighting how policies and social issues impact health and illness, research connects exposure to family member incarceration and adult-onset diabetes.

Researchers Document Protracted Withdrawal from Antidepressants

Protracted Withdrawal Syndrome characterized by long-term adverse experiences after coming off of antidepressants.

Researchers Study Why People Stay on Facebook

Despite privacy concerns, Facebook users are drawn to the emotional experiences and relationship encounters on the platform.

Sociologists Propose Shift to “Neuroecosocial” Paradigm of Mental Health

Sociologists, led by Nikolas Rose, suggest a new neuroecosocial paradigm for understanding and studying lived experiences of distress.

What Lived Experience Adds to Eating Disorder Recovery Frameworks

Traditional clinical frameworks are not in line with the lived experiences of people with eating disorders.

Implicit Racial Bias Impacts Psychiatric Diagnosis and Treatment, Study Finds

Researchers find that psychiatric diagnosis and treatment planning are susceptible to unconscious racial bias.

Researchers: People with Psychiatric Diagnoses Should Be Prioritized for the COVID Vaccine

Researchers also note that psychiatric drugs may reduce the COVID vaccine’s effectiveness and otherwise impair the immune system.

Disability Studies Scholars Critique the “Autism Industrial Complex”

Scholars argue that a business model has developed that exploits autism to sell coercive interventions.

Historical Redlining Practices Shape Racial Health Inequalities Today, Study Finds

Researchers examined how historical redlining practices in nine US cities impact urban health outcomes today.

Discrimination Leads to Internalized Homophobia, Increased Suicide Risk for Sexual Minorities

Researchers suggest that discrimination leads LGBT people to seek community among peers to protect against the mental health effects of homophobia.

Holistic Approach Outperforms Medication for Youth Anxiety and Depression

Holistic intervention with physical, emotional, and social elements reduces symptoms of depression, and anxiety while boosting wellbeing.

Digital Technologies May Increase Coercion in Psychiatry

Experts warn that digital technologies can increase coercion in psychiatric settings.

Clinicians Report Medication Harms at “Personal and Professional Peril”

Clinicians were sued by the pharmaceutical industry, received verbal threats, and lost their jobs job after reporting adverse effects.

HiTOP Dimensional Approach to Mental Disorders Superior to DSM Categories

The new HiTOP model takes a dimensional approach to mental disorders and may improve research, training, and treatments.